Independent work requirements vary widely across the University’s academic departments. To help you understand the specific departmental expectations, each department has developed independent work guides.

The guides outline the assumptions and conventions of scholarship in each discipline and clarify departmental goals and expectations for undergraduate independent work. If you are wondering about the scope and focus of a particular discipline, you will find in the guides some suggestions as to the types of questions that scholars in the discipline typically pose, as well as a brief introduction to its leading research methods.